The National Complete Streets Coalition is an initiative of Smart Growth America. Instituting a Complete Streets policy ensures that transportation planners and engineers consistently design and operate the entire roadway with all users in mind – including bicyclists, public transportation vehicles and riders, and pedestrians of all ages and abilities. Learn more at
Guide to Safe Routes to School in Pennsylvania
Safe Routes to School (SRTS) programs use a variety of education, engineering, and enforcement strategies to make routes safer for children to walk and bicycle to school. This Guide is a central resource for schools, municipalities, community leaders and anyone else seeking resources, materials, training and funding available through the SRTS program. Additional information can be found in various locations within the Safe Routes to School Resource Center website,
Walk Friendly Communities
Walk Friendly Communities (WFC) is a national recognition program developed to encourage towns and cities across the U.S. to establish or recommit support for safer, walking environments. The WFC program will recognize communities that are working to improve a wide range of conditions related to walking, including safety, mobility, access and comfort. Visit
www.walkfriendly.org to learn more.
Designing Walkable Urban Thoroughfares: A Context Sensitive Approach
This report has been developed by the Institute of Transportation Engineers in response to widespread interest for improving mobility choices and community character through a commitment to creating and enhancing walkable communities. Many agencies can work together to use this approach as a tool for designing urban streets that are compatible with and supportive of the surrounding context and community. A copy is available at:
The Guide to Community Preventive Services
The Guide to Community Preventive Services is a free resource to help you choose programs and policies to improve health and prevent disease in your community. Systematic reviews are used to answer these questions:
- Which program and policy interventions have been proven effective?
- Are there effective interventions that are right for the community?
- What might effective interventions cost; what is the likely return on investment?
Sponsor: Governments; community advocacy groups
Purpose: Applies to areas of several square miles or more. Urban planners, architects, engineers, developers, and public health professionals engage in efforts to change the physical environment of urban areas in ways that support physical activity. They include: proximity of residential areas to stores, jobs, schools, and recreation areas; continuity and connectivity of sidewalks and streets; aesthetic and safety aspects of the physical environment; and policy instruments such as zoning regulations, building codes, other governmental policies; and builders' practices.
Benefits: Based on behavior of residents, implementing such policies can improve aspects of physical activity (such as the number of walkers or bicyclists), increase green spaces, improve sense of community, decrease isolation, and reduce crime and stress.
Challenges/Limitations: Research is not conclusive about such issues as: community characteristics necessary to support interventions; how to build the necessary political and society support; and which neighborhood features are most critical (e.g., sidewalks, parks, traffic flow, shopping proximity).
The Walk Audit Toolkit is a step-by-step guide for assessing a community's walkability through the completion of a walk audit.
The Walk Audit Toolkit Leaders Guide builds upon the Walk Audit Toolkit. This guide can be used to help a community leader or group conduct a larger-scale walkability event consisting of a workshop and an on-the-ground walk audit in which teams of volunteers observe and document the use and safety of local streets.
This report provides an introduction to Complete Streets policies and bicycle and pedestrian plans. It includes a brief overview of what complete streets policies and bicycle and pedestrian plans are, and describes key ways for health stakeholders to be involved in the planning of such policies and plans. As a result, health stakeholders will be better able to create a framework for developing and implementing change in their communities.
Developed by the Vision Zero Network, the core elements serve to assist leaders with addressing the most significant and proven areas of change to advance safe mobility. The aim is to help communities set meaningful priorities, work toward tangible results, benchmark progress toward safety, and to ensure accountability. The core elements emphasize the following four focus areas: Leadership and Commitment; Equity and Engagement; Safe Roadways and Safe Speeds; and a Data-Driven Approach, Transparency, and Accountability.
This document is a toolkit that community members can utilize to develop their own walk audit. It describes the purpose of walk audits, gives simple steps for how to conduct a successful walk audit, and provides many other helpful tools.
This document provides an updated version of the ten core elements of a comprehensive Complete Streets policy provided by National Complete Streets Coalition (NCSC). The elements serve as a national model of best practices that can be implemented in nearly all types of Complete Streets policies at all levels of governance. For communities considering a Complete Streets policy, this resource serves as a model; for communities with an existing Complete Streets policy, this resource provides guidance on areas for improvements.
This document is an essential resource for health professionals and policymakers as they design and implement physical activity programs, policies, and promotion initiatives. It provides information that will help people make healthy choices for themselves and their families, and discusses evidence-based, community-level interventions that can make being physically active the easy choice in all the places where people live, learn, work, and play.
Family-based interventions combine activities to build family support with health education to increase physical activity among children. Interventions include activities such as goal-setting tools and skills to monitor progress, reinforcement of positive health behaviors, and organized physical activity sessions. Interventions may also provide information about other lifestyle behaviors, such as reducing screen time or choosing healthier foods.
Physical activity interventions that include activity monitors provide participants with behavioral instruction in the form of counseling, group-based education, or web-based education in combination with activity monitors that are used to provide regular feedback (i.e., pedometers or accelerometers).
Active travel to school interventions make it easier for children and adolescents to commute to school actively (e.g., walking or biking). They do this by working to improve the physical or social safety of common routes to school or by promoting safe pedestrian behaviors. Programs are often combined with other school- and community-based interventions to increase opportunities for physical activity.
Safer Roads, Safer Queensland: Queensland’s Road Safety Strategy 2015-2021 marks the first time a Queensland government has committed to a vision of zero road deaths and serious injuries. Under this strategy, four guiding principles will be adopted with the goal of greatly reducing the burden of road trauma on communities throughout Queensland. The corresponding Action Plan outlines 29 initiatives to be implemented over the next two years. Priority areas include providing safer roads, getting people in safer vehicles, encouraging safer road use, and strengthening partnerships for the future.
This publication is intended to increase walking across the U.S. by calling for improved acess to safe and convenient places to walk, as well as for a culture that supports these activities for individuals of all ages and abilities. Five overarching goals are presented along with supporting implementation strategies that are grounded in practice-based evidence.
The Resource Guide includes potential steps to consider for planning and implementation of interventions to improve pedestrian and bicycle transportation systems. It includes implementation resources, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), and a “Multipurpose Resources” section for crosscutting material.
This guide is designed to help cities, committed to Vision Zero, to develop concrete and action driven implementation plans. In addition to serving as a roadmap for action, it is a tool for assessing the progress toward eliminating severe injuries and fatalities.
This is an excellent tool from the Institute of Public Administration (IPA) at the University of Delaware to assist communities with the development of a process to assess walkability. In addition to describing what might be done, step-by-step, it includes both a questionnaire and checklist for participants to consider. The tool builds on the IPA’s Healthy Communities initiative, supported by the Delaware Division of Public Health (DDPS), and a Planning for Complete Communities in Delaware project, which is an ongoing collaboration between the Delaware Department of Transportation and IPA.