Heat-related illnesses are preventable. Learn the symptoms and what to do if you or a loved one shows signs of having a heat-related illness.
What are the symptoms of heat stroke?
- extremely high body temperature (above 103°F)
- red, hot and dry skin (no sweating)
- rapid, strong pulse
- throbbing headache
How can I help someone with heat stroke?
- call for emergency medical attention
- get the victim to a shady area
- cool the person rapidly (put them in a tub of cool water, place them in a cool shower, spray them with a garden hose, sponge them with cool water, etc.)
- DO NOT give the victim any fluids (like water) to drink
What are the symptoms of heat exhaustion?
- heavy sweating
- paleness (skin is a lighter color than normal)
- muscle cramps
- nausea or vomiting
How can I help someone with heat exhaustion?
Help the victim cool off and seek medical attention if:
- symptoms are severe
- symptoms last more than one hour
- the victim has heart problems or high blood pressure
What can I do to prevent a heat-related illness?
- Stay indoors in air conditioning as much as possible.
- Drink plenty of water during the day – don't wait until you are thirsty!
- Outdoor workers should drink between two and four cups of water every hour while working.
- Avoid drinks with caffeine, alcohol or large amounts of sugar.
- Limit your outdoor activity to mornings and evenings and rest often in the shade.
- Wear light-colored and loose fitting clothing, a hat, sunglasses and SPF 15 or higher sunscreen.
- Check on those who may be more at risk from high temperatures like:
- infants and young children
- people aged 65 or older
- people with chronic medical conditions
- Never leave your children or pets in a vehicle.
- Know the symptoms of heat stroke and heat exhaustion.