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​Sudden Cardiac Arrest

Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) is a condition in which the heart unexpectedly ceases to function. When this occurs, blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs, causing loss of consciousness or seizure-like activity in seconds. If not treated within minutes, SCA results in death. The normal rhythm of the heart can only be restored with defibrillation, an electrical shock that is safely delivered to the chest by an automated external defibrillator (AED).
Act 59 was adapted by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania on May 29, 2012.
This Act contains three requirements: 
1. Parents of student athletes in the public school system must read and sign an acknowledgment form prior to their student participating in sports.
 2. Coaches must complete an annual training course on sudden cardiac arrest. Sudden Cardiac Arrest Training is the only approved course.
 3. Coaches must remove a player that exhibits warning signs of sudden cardiac arrest and may not allow their return until cleared by a licensed medical professional.
Additional Resources for Sudden Cardiac Arrest
Information and risk assessment form.
Policy Statement on Pediatric Sudden Cardiac Arrest from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Sudden Cardiac Arrest Fact Sheet was developed by the Pennsylvania Department of Health.
Updated: May 2018