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Federal Laws and Regulations Pertaining to Disability Accommodations


IDEA is a law ensuring services to children with disabilities. It governs how states and public agencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to more than 6.5 million eligible infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities.

Infants and toddlers with disabilities (birth - 2) and their families receive early intervention services under IDEA Part C. Children and youth (ages 3 - 21) receive special education and related services under IDEA Part B.

This is an antidiscrimination, civil rights law that requires the needs of students with disabilities to be met as adequately as the needs of the nondisabled are met. Schools are required to provide "reasonable accommodations" for students identified as having a disability.

The ADAA, signed in September of 2008, broadens the definition of disability. The effect of these changes is to make it easier for an individual seeking protection under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to establish that he or she has a disability within the meaning of the ADA.

The Office for Civil Rights, out of the U.S. Department of Education sent a letter to school entities providing guidance on implementing this act.
Updated: April, 2018