Skip to main content
Skip to page content
Skip Navigation LinksPennsylvania Department of Health > My Health > School Health > All-Hazards Planning

First Aid/Multi-Hazards Planning


Since 2004, schools have been encouraged by the United States Department of Education to utilize an All-Hazards approach to planning for emergencies. This all-hazards approach to planning has been used for many years by federal, state and local emergency management and allows for easier coordination between schools, fire, police and emergency medical services. Crisis plans are based on risks specific to the community, such as tornados and floods, as well as incidents which can occur anywhere, such as acts of violence, fires and medical emergencies.


Patterned after guidelines published by Ohio, these guidelines are specific to Pennsylvania laws and regulations. They provide a step-by-step process for assessing and treating common emergencies.


Multi-Hazard planning should be based on the National Incident Management System (NIMS). NIMS provides a systematic, consistent nationwide template to enable all government, private-sector, and nongovernmental organizations to work together. NIMS is divided into four phases: Mitigation; Preparedness; Response and Recovery.


 Updated: February 2018,