Adolescents, ages 7-18 years old, may require additional vaccinations because as children grow older, protection from
childhood vaccines can wear off.
This leaves them more at risk for disease.
Are Vaccines safe for my child?
Preventable Diseases for Adolescents:
(lockjaw) - A disease of the
nervous system caused by Clostridium tetani bacteria causing lockjaw, stiffness
in the neck and abdomen, and difficulty swallowing which may progress into
severe muscle spasms, generalized tonic seizure-like activity and severe
autonomic nervous system disorders. Everyone needs protection against Tetanus.
If you have not had a booster shot in 10 years or more -- or never had the
initial three-shot series -- you should be vaccinated.
- is a potentially fatal, contagious
disease that usually involves the nose, throat and air passages, but may also
infect the skin. Its most striking feature is the formation of a grayish
membrane covering the tonsils and upper part of the throat. Everyone needs
protection from diphtheria. If you have not had a booster shot in 10 years or
more -- or never had the initial three-shot series -- you should be vaccinated.
Whooping cough, also known as pertussis, is a serious infection that causes
coughing spells so severe that it can be hard to breath. Adults and adolescents
(parents, grandparents and older siblings) typically have a milder form of
pertussis; however, they can easily spread the infection to infants and young
children, who are at greatest risk of serious complications including death.
(flu) - The flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by
influenza viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead
to death. The best way to prevent seasonal flu is by getting a seasonal flu
vaccination each year.
- is a highly infectious respiratory
disease that can result in severe, sometimes permanent, complications including
pneumonia, seizures, brain damage and death.
Mumps - is
caused by the mumps virus, which lives and reproduces in the upper respiratory
tract. Mumps can lead to serious complications such as deafness, meningitis
(infection of the brain and spinal cord covering), painful swelling of the
testicles or ovaries, and, rarely, death.
- also known as German measles, is a
viral disease spread by contact with an infected person through coughing and sneezing.
The main concern with rubella is infection in pregnant women. There is at least
a 20 percent chance of damage to the fetus if a woman is infected with rubella
early in pregnancy.
- Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV).
It can often be a "silent disease" that affects people without making
them feel sick. Chronic hepatitis B disease can result in long-term health
problems, and even death.
Papillomavirus - Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of
more than 100 viruses that are usually spread through sexual contact. The most
serious long-term complication of HPV infection is cervical cancer.
Chickenpox is caused by the highly contagious varicella zoster virus and
results in a skin rash of blister-like lesions, covering the body but usually
more concentrated on the face, scalp and trunk. Most, but not all, infected
individuals have fever, which develops just before or when the rash appears.
Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal
cord. People sometimes refer to it as spinal meningitis. Meningitis is usually
caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Viral meningitis is generally less
severe and clears up without specific treatment. But bacterial meningitis can
be quite severe and may result in brain damage, hearing loss, or learning
disabilities. High fever, headache, and stiff neck are common symptoms of
meningitis in anyone over the age of two years. These symptoms can develop over
several hours, or they may take one to two days. Other symptoms may include
nausea, vomiting, discomfort looking into bright lights, confusion, and
Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by a type of bacteria called
Streptococcus pneumoniae(pneumococcus). There are different types of
pneumococcal disease, such as pneumococcal pneumonia, bacteremia, meningitis
and otitis media. Pneumococcus is in many people's noses and throats and is
spread by coughing, sneezing or contact with respiratory secretions.
Pneumococcal disease can be fatal. In some cases, it can result in long-term
problems, like brain damage, hearing loss, and limb loss.
- Hepatitis A is a contagious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus
(HAV). The infection is most often
spread by the fecal-oral route. It can also be spread by close person-to-person
contact such as household or sexual contact with an infected person. The virus
is also spread by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water.
Hepatitis A is the most common vaccine-preventable disease acquired during
(polio) - Polio is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus
that invades the nervous system. Up to 95 percent of persons infected will have
no symptoms. One percent of polio cases result in permanent paralysi of the
limbs (usually the legs). Of those paralyzed, 5-10 percent die when paralysis
strikes the respiratory muscles.