Stroke is a
“brain attack”. It can happen to anyone at any time. It occurs when blood flow
to an area of the brain is cut off. When this happens, brain cells are deprived
of oxygen and begin to die. When brain cells die, abilities controlled by that
area of the brain are lost. There are two types of stroke, hemorrhagic and
ischemic. In addition there is transient ischemic attack (TIA), which mimics
the symptoms of a stroke. Generally a TIA will not cause brain damage, but it
is a serious warning sign of a potential future stroke.
What are the Signs and
Warning signs of stroke include:
numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg (especially on one side of the body);
confusion, trouble speaking or understanding;
trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination; and
severe headache with no known cause.
you think someone may be having a stroke, use the F.A.S.T. test for a quick
– Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?
– Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
– Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is their speech slurred?
– Time: If you observe any of these signs, call 9-1-1 immediately.
What are the Risk Factors?
strokes are preventable by reducing your risk. You cannot change certain risk
factors such as age, race, gender or family history. However, you can change
- physical inactivity;
- tobacco use;
- high blood pressure;
- high blood cholesterol; and
more information and tools on stroke, its associated risk factors and how to
control your risk, visit the following:
Definition from the National Stroke