cancer is a gynecological cancer that begins in a woman’s cervix. Each year approximately 12,000 women will
develop cervical cancer. Cervical cancer
occurs most often in women over the age of 30.
What causes cervical cancer?
papillomavirus or HPV is the primary cause of cervical cancer. HPV is a common virus that can be passed from
one person to another during sexual activity.
At least 50 percent of sexually active individuals will acquire HPV at some
point in their lives; however, few women will develop cervical cancer.
What are the signs and symptoms?
In the early
stages of cervical cancer, there may not be any signs or symptoms. Signs and symptoms associated with cervical
discharge from the vagina; and
during vaginal intercourse.
Are there cervical cancer tests?
two tests that can prevent cervical cancer or identify it in early stages. The tests
Pap test or Pap smear – looks for precancers or cell changes on the cervix that
can be treated before they become cancer.
A Pap test can also find cervical cancer in early stages when
treatment is the most effective. The Pap
test is recommended for women 21-65.
HPV test – tests for the presence of the HPV, the virus that is the main cause
of precancerous cell changes and cervical cancer.
How can cervical cancer be prevented?
the HPV vaccine. It is recommended for
11- and 12- year- old girls and boys. It is
also recommended for girls/women 13 to 26 and boys/men 13-21 who have not had
any or all of the series of shots when they were younger.
your doctor regularly for a Pap test.
up with your doctor if the Pap test does results are not normal.
condoms during sex.
your number of sexual partners.
Are free or low-cost Pap tests
If you have a
low income, do not have insurance or are underinsured, you may be eligible for
a free or low-cost Pap test. Please
visit the Healthy Woman Program page for more information.